Approximately 5% of Americans live with a body-focused behavior that is repetitiveBFRB), such as compulsive hair pulling, nail biting, or skin picking. In many cases, BFRBs are born from a need to self-soothe, and those who experience them may frequently find themselves doing a BFRB with minimal understanding of the very fact.
Unlike people who self-harm, individuals with BFRBs typically don’t plan to inflict discomfort on on their own or cause damage that is physical their bodies, but all BFRBs cause sufferers to repeatedly touch their hair, body, or both, in ultimately damaging ways. Depending on the BFRB, they can lead to spots that are bald scarring, sores, infections, along with other problems.
Cannabis and OCD: What does the science say?
Types of body-focused repetitive behaviors
While hair pulling, (trichotillomania) nail(onychophagia that is biting, and epidermis picking (excoriation) are one of the most well-known BFRBs, the TLC Foundation for Body-Focused Repetitive actions states on its site that any repeated self-grooming behavior which involves biting, pulling, choosing, or scraping one’s own hair, epidermis, or fingernails and outcomes in harm to your body could be included underneath the BFRB umbrella.
Dr. Laszlo Mechtler, healthcare Officer of Jushi Holdings, cites lip biting, cheek biting, nail picking, scab eating, knuckle breaking, teeth grinding, and skin biting as just a couple of grooming-related actions which can be thought as BFRBs.
Causes of body-focused repeated actions
“While the actual reason for BFRBs continues to be an enigma, it really is thought why these underlying problems are regarding disorder that is obsessive-compulsive are caused at least in part by anxiety,” said Dr. Mechtler.
Specifically, hair pulling and skin picking are classified under “Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders” in the Diagnostic and Manual that is statistical of Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Nonetheless, although BFRBs share some signs with OCD, it must be noted that only a few BFRBs are grouped underneath the OCD label.
Cannabis and Depression
Across the board, anxiety and anxiety appear to play an important part where BFRBs are involved, and despair can be an cause that is underlying. Dr. Junella Chin, Chief Medical Officer of askCMD.com, said it’s important to work with a healthcare provider to find out whether a BFRB is anxiety- or depression-induced.
It’s also believed that temperament, environment, age of onset, stressors, and predisposition that is even genetic play a role within the growth of BFRBs, based on the TLC Foundation.
In reality, a 2014 article that evaluated twin that is multiple family studies found a connection between genetics and the development of OCD and related disorders, such as hair pulling and skin picking. Regarding hair pulling in particular, one study on twins reviewed estimated a 76% chance of heritability, but another estimated only 32%.
Childhood trauma has been thought to be a potential cause of compulsive hair pulling, but according to the TLC Foundation, as a whole, people with BFRBs don’t seem to experience life that is early at greater prices compared to the basic populace.
Does cannabis assistance or harm the system that is immune
How cannabis can help with BRFBs
Dr. Mechtler cites deficiency that is endocannabinoid a possible reason behind BRFBs. “The Endocannabinoid Deficiency Theory states that we now have a variety of conditions, i.e., anxiety, migraine, chronic discomfort, IBD, etc., that are triggered in component or in entire by lower levels of obviously produced cannabinoids,” he said. This concept additionally states why these conditions are enhanced and addressed by supplementing the physical body with plant-based cannabinoids such as THC or CBD, he said.
“A small pilot study with found that is dronabinol this is a potential treatment in reducing trichotillomania [hair pulling]. Dronabinol is a synthetic THC plus it considerably paid off the behavior that is impulsive of subjects in this study,” said Dr. Chin.
In the study, 14 women suffering from compulsive hair-pulling were given 2.5-15mg of the synthetic THC daily, over the course of 12 weeks. The dronabinol that is daily led to an important decrease in compulsive locks pulling signs for nine for the ladies.
How to use cannabis for anxiety
Fortunately, a wealth of anecdotal evidence and a number of recent studies show that CBD-rich cannabis strains and CBD that is hemp-derived can considerably reduce anxiety for most of us, which means that they ought to assist offer relief for most with anxiety-induced BFRBs. “CBD are useful in combination with intellectual therapy that is behavioral reduce stressful, obsessive, compulsive, and anxious tendencies,” said Dr. Chin.
Dr. Mechtler and his team are undertaking studies and evaluating the use of cannabinoid-based therapies for a host that is whole of and conditions. “One constant theme we come across within our scientific studies are that usage of medical cannabis items, whether that is a high-quality, third-party tested, hemp-based CBD item … or through medical marijuana-sourced state programs, typically leads to an important enhancement for the research population’s anxiety,” stated Dr. Mechtler. “As anxiety is probable a factor that is causal BFRB, we can treat BFRBs with medical cannabis by relieving the related underlying anxieties.”
CBD products may also help by improving restorative sleeping patterns and alleviating pain that is chronic stated Dr. Mechtler, since both are related to reducing anxiety amounts.
While individuals with BFRBs could find cannabis and hemp-derived CBD products helpful, it is recommended to include a qualified clinician in therapy choices, as cannabis and hemp-derived CBD may possibly not be probably the most treatment option that is appropriate. “It’s important to remember cannabis is not a panacea. Other options that a clinician that is well-qualified recommend could add behavioral treatment, old-fashioned pharmaceutical interventions, and/or health supplement therapy,” stated Dr. Mechtler.